Frameworks for the Backend
Here are some of the most robust backend frameworks in 2022 that you might be interested in learning about:
Express is swiftly becoming one of the most popular & finest frameworks for web development nowadays, thanks to the growing popularity of Node.js. Accenture, IBM, Uber, and a slew of other firms use it, and it’s interoperable with other frameworks like Kraken, Sails, and Loopback.
Express takes pride in being a quick, and agnostic framework. It provides some basic framework functionality without obscuring Node’s features, and it takes advantage of the asynchronous Node.js’s robust performance. It’s also quite versatile, as it can support both full apps and REST APIs. The lack of a standard way of doing things, at least for newcomers, is maybe Express’s worst shortcoming.
Django is a web development framework based on Python and Model-View-Template. Big brands like Google, Youtube, and Instagram employ this structure. Django promotes its batteries-included feature, which is a collection of Django’s features such as authentication and messaging. It follows the DRY pattern and the Convention Over Configuration design principle. The security of Django is crucial. Django provides developers with tools and resources to help them build secure websites, or it incorporates security features into the framework itself, such as preventing code execution in the template layer.
Rails is a Model-View-Controller framework written in Ruby, it’s a well-liked framework among programmers. Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, and Shopify are all big fans of Rails. Rail is a beginner-friendly framework, and the fact that its pros and drawbacks are debatable helps newbies get started with web development. Rails include a wealth of gems, which are library-like dependencies that improve the functionality of your app while also allowing you to develop it more quickly and efficiently. The Rails community is dependable and welcoming, and there are several courses, screencasts, and tools to help you become a rails expert quickly.
A disadvantage of Rails is that it requires a significant amount of effort to install and run in a production environment, and the learning curve is steep as you begin delving deeper into the framework to figure out what’s going on.
Spring is a Model-View-Controller framework written in Java, the most widely used programming language. This framework is used by Wix, TicketMaster, and BillGuard, among others. Spring has several sibling projects that improve its performance and allow you to swiftly scale your business. The fact that it uses Java, a strongly typed language, is a big bonus for many web developers. However, if you don’t know Java, the learning curve may be rather severe.
Although React is a front-end library rather than a framework, many developers consider it to be one, and it is frequently compared as such. React was the first framework to adopt the component-based architecture that was later adopted by Angular and Vue, as well as many other frameworks. React’s virtual dom makes dom operations much faster, and because of its JSX syntax, it’s also reasonably easy to grasp. React is a client-side and server-side framework. Facebook invented and manages it, and both Facebook and Instagram make use of it.
Vue.js is the new rising star; it began as a side project and soon evolved into one of the most popular JS frameworks available. Vue has a lot of interesting features. To begin with, it’s a progressive framework, which means you can use Vue for a piece of an existing project and everything will function fine. Second, it incorporates component architecture, and the Vue ecosystem may assist you in developing comprehensive frontend applications. Some individuals are hesitant to use Vue since major corporations such as Facebook and Google do not support it, however, that is gradually changing as major corporations begin to invest in Vue.
Backbone is a front-end framework for building rich single-page apps that is lightweight and easy to use. It follows the MVC principle and employs the MV* paradigm. Backbone has only one essential dependency, the Underscore library, and a robust ecosystem that allows you to build whole client-side programs using Mustache and Marionette.